March 29, 2018

Read e-book online Animal Cruelty, Antisocial Behaviour, and Aggression: More PDF

By Eleonora Gullone (auth.)

ISBN-10: 1137284544

ISBN-13: 9781137284549

ISBN-10: 1349316156

ISBN-13: 9781349316151

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Example text

It is also possible for some proactive aggression to be distinctly emotional. Moreover, frequent engagement in aggressive acts promotes automatic and non-conscious processing such that instrumental consideration of potential consequences can occur without awareness (Bargh & Pietromonaco, 1982; Schneider & Shiffrin, 1977). On balance, given the inherent difficulties involved in sub-typing aggression, Anderson and Huesmann (2003) have concluded that it is more useful to characterize aggressive behaviour as varying along identified dimensions.

Research has indicated that it may not be until at least four-months of age that facial displays of anger begin to take on an adaptive function in the way of social signals (Sternberg & Campos, 1990). Whether aggression has developed by this early age or not is particularly difficult to determine, given the challenges of determining the presence of intent to harm at such an early age. In terms of anger expression, by the first year of life, stability in individual differences begins to become apparent (Stifter, Spinrad, & Braungart-Rieker, 1999), and observations of peer-directed aggression have been reported (Hay, Nash, & Pederson, 1983).

The sub-group with Callous-Unemotional traits shows more severe conduct problems and a temperamental style characterized by preference for dangerous and novel stimuli, also referred to as low behavioural inhibition (Kagan & Snidman, 1991). Such youth also show a response style that is reward-oriented and lacking reactivity to signs of distress in others. Interestingly, low behavioural inhibition has been associated with compromised conscience development (Kochanska, 1993). Children with this temperamental style are less likely to experience empathic arousal associated with distress in others (Blair, 1999).

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Animal Cruelty, Antisocial Behaviour, and Aggression: More than a Link by Eleonora Gullone (auth.)

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