By Klaus K. Klostermaier
With entries on every little thing from Manu to Gandhi and the Ramesvaram to the Himalayas, this can be a useful reference publication.
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Extra info for A Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism (Concise Encyclopedia of World Faiths)
Appar was a convert from Jainism and had to suffer persecution for his change of faith, but became instrumental in converting the King of MADURAI and his court. aprakøta ÿarïra (‘immaterial body’) VAIÆŒAVAS believe that God possesses an immaterial, indestructible body and that his devotees would also receive one in VAIKUŒﬁHA, Vi•æu’s heaven. Apri(s) Propitiatory invocations during the foreofferings of vedic animal SACRIFICES. apsaras (‘nymphs’) Semi-divine female beings, whose beauty is praised in early Vedic literature and who are often sent by the gods, afraid of the power accumulated through selfmortification, to seduce ascetics.
Bhuvaæeÿvara (‘Lord of the earth’) Title of ŸIVA, name of famous temple city in Orissa with some of the largest Hindu temples such as the 11th-century Liögaräja temple. bhuvar, also Bhuvarloka The firmament, the middle region between earth and sky. bibhatsa (‘loathing’) One of the basic sentiments of Hindu aesthetics. It is used in a purely aesthetic sense, and indicates a strong emotional experience. In GAU¥ÏYA VAIÆNAVISM, for example, it is said that to ‘loathe’ Kø•æa Encyclo - Letter B 10/2/03 9:37 am Page 40 bïja–mantra may be preferable to indifference, because it is at least a reaction to his presence.
A class of people ranking below the ŸÜDRAS. Physical contact of any kind was supposed to pollute members of the three upper castes ritually. They were not allowed to use common facilities in villages such as wells and had to live in a separate area outside the villages. They often earned their living by performing dirty and degrading work such as removing carcasses, preparing corpses for cremation, removing night soil from latrines. Mahatma GANDHI fought for their rehabilitation; he called them Harijan, ‘God’s people’, and tried to educate and integrate them.
A Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism (Concise Encyclopedia of World Faiths) by Klaus K. Klostermaier
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