By K.E. Michelson
This paintings relies on my 1983 doctoral dissertation submitted to the dep. of Linguistics at Harvard college, even though it represents an intensive revision and reorganization of that paintings. quite a lot of fabric that weren't inside the unique were further, and elements that handle theoretical matters that, a minimum of at the moment, have receded into the heritage, were passed over. Many colleagues and pals have contributed to my sustained fascina tion with in addition to my figuring out of lroquoian linguistics. to start with, i'm thankful to the Iroquois who've contributed their profound knowl side and their friendship in the course of my examine: Elda Antone, Mercy Doxtator, Dayton Doxtator, Reg Henry, Frank Natawe, the overdue Georgina Nicholas, Catherine Norton, Mike Norton. the overdue Sanford Schenandoah, and Norma Sickles. I additionally deeply relish being a part of a close-knit and supportive group of lroquoian linguists, and particularly I thank Cliff Abbott, Wallace Chafe, Mike Foster, Marianne Mithun, and Hanni Woodbury for offering reviews at the dissertation. i've got additionally benefited from, and cost hugely, super stimulating conversations with Floyd Lounsbury within the previous few years. The impression of my advisers and associates should be obvious through the paintings. I thank specifically Nick Clements, Ives Goddard, Jochem Schindler, Robin Barr, Harry Bochner, Brian Doherty, Mark Hale, and Phil LeSourd.
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Additional resources for A Comparative Study of Lake-Iroquoian Accent
8. Word-initial h-deletion A number of pronominal prefixes have an initial h: the 2A prefix hs- and several of the masculine prefixes, such as the MA hra- (hla-) or the Mil P -hsukwa-. These prefixes occur without the h in Mohawk and Oneida if they are in word-initial position. The initial h is retained in the western languages. The following examples are from Mohawk. (179) sahrukhafl hs-ahruk-hafl (180) cf. 1\ hsa . rukefl 1\ -hs-ahruk-fl (181 ) sukwahs Aht 1\ hsukwa-hs 1\ ht-I\ You understand a language 2A -understand-HAB You will understand a language FUT -2A -understand-PUN C He criticizes us Mil p-criticize-STAT SEGMENTAL PHONOLOGY (182) ct.
In Seneca and Cayuga the feminine-indefinite is the only prefix that refers to a female person. In Mohawk, Oneida, and Onondaga, on the other hand, which also have the feminine-zoic gender, both the feminine-zoic and the feminine-indefinite may refer to a female person in the singular. It is difficult, however, to determine exactly when it is appropriate to use one or the other prefix. In general, the feminineindefinite is used for a respected person, someone who is well-known and liked in the community.
Tha? , kit - . , w-ehsA . rate? , y-aherstha? 'it passes by') Although it is possible to determine what the stem-initial segment is in each case, there are not five different shapes for the neuter agent/feminine-zoic singular agent prefix. ). 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 1. Loss of r or I from Masculine Prefixes A number of the pronominal prefixes that indicate a masculine agent or patient may be analyzed as containing the underlying sequence hr or hI in Mohawk and Oneida. A partial list of these prefixes follows in (55); the solidus (I) separates alternants that are not accounted for by the processes described here.
A Comparative Study of Lake-Iroquoian Accent by K.E. Michelson
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