Independent capital for independent producers.

Arthur N. Budge, Jr.

Changing Expectations

What a year! This time last year, I thought Mr. Trump was in the race to provide a media shill to allow the “real Republican candidates to debate the real issues.” After the primaries I thought a Republican victory over the Clinton machine was impossible. Equally surprising to me was the Republican dominance in...

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How We Purchase Oil and Gas Properties

Financial theory is based on the assumption that money has Time Value.  The idea is that a dollar available to you today is worth more than a dollar available to you later.  The mechanics are fairly simple: Borrowers will pay interest to get money now and repay it later. Lenders will be paid to...

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The Five Stages of Loss & Grief

In the last few issues of The Producer, I have discussed and illustrated the impact of the decline in oil prices on the value of producing properties. Also discussed was the fact that most producers who had what were previously considered “prime” debt levels drawn against their properties are now insolvent (their assets are...

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The News is So Bad!

I have received a number of calls recently with a common theme; “The News is So Bad!” This statement is usually followed by: “I read that the price of oil/gas will never recover”; “The drilling industry is collapsing”; “I read that the collapse of the oil/gas industry may go on for decades”; or “How...

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“Déjà Vu All Over Again” – The Market for Oil and Gas Assets

What a difference a year makes! At this time last year, oil was around $60 per barrel, and we thought we had taken a beating. When oil fell from $85 to $60 per barrel, the present value of the future production fell in half. Little did we know that, in 2015, we would see...

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Beyond the Storm, Bright Horizons

Over the last five years, oil production in the US increased by over 4.5 million barrels of oil per day (“bopd”) to almost 10 million bopd.  The US now rivals Saudi Arabia for the position of largest oil producer in the world.  This 4.5 million bopd increase is about a 5% increase in world...

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How Do We Know?

Our most frequently asked question the last several months can be summarized as “How Do We Know?” Some specific questions are, “How do we know: When oil prices have bottomed? When it is time to buy? When the banks will force their non-compliant or insolvent borrowers to sell? When it is time to “back...

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Capital Rationing

Capital Rationing is a reflection of limited capital in an industry segment. Following the collapse in crude oil prices, capital in the oil and gas sector is now more disciplined, providing a greatly improved investment environment for Five States.

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Crude Oil: A Market Perspective

The decline in crude oil prices over the last six months has been dramatic. Since early summer, the spot price for crude oil traded on the New York Mercantile Exchange (“NYMEX”) has dropped from the $90 - $100 per barrel range, where it has been trading for the last several years, to about $70...

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Oil Fundamentals: Supply & Demand

As with all commodities, the price of oil is determined by supply and demand. People often think that oil is “special” because we are “running out,” and do not understand how prices can fall. But like all commodities, the daily price of oil is determined by daily demand and deliverable supply. When supply is...

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Where We See Opportunities in Oil & Gas

Historically low interest rates continue to drive capital away from traditional “safe” liquid investments such as CDs, money market funds and bonds in pursuit of yield. Investors are paying ever higher prices in an attempt to lock in current return. The increasing flow of capital into riskier assets–such as stocks that pay dividends and...

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A Shakeout at $100 Oil?

I have received several inquiries regarding recent articles (such as “Shakeout Threatens U.S. Shale Patch as Drillers Go for Broke” which I distributed in June) asking my thoughts on a shakeout for the industry and the impact such an event could have on Five States. The following are my comments on (1) the Case for...

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When Things Change, Things Change

Only a decade ago, many economic seers were predicting that oil prices would be in the $150 to $200 per barrel range in this current decade.  But there is an old adage in commodity industries: “the cure for higher prices is higher prices”.  It is analogous to a most basic economic concept, “change begets...

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A Correction in Oil Prices?

The media has recently hopped on the possibility of a decline in oil prices due to the success of the new development in the United States. This has prompted three questions from Five States investors: Do we agree that there will be a correction in oil prices? How would a correction affect the Five...

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